The Most amazing crater lake
Called crater lake formed in the crater of a volcano, or in the cavity formed due to the failure of the summit of the volcano. The water of these lakes are usually high-acid (saturated volcanic gases). On their bottom there is a residue of a saturated green color.
The selection of the most amazing crater lakes.
1. Crater lake crater of the volcano mount Mazama – Oregon, USA.
This lake is famous for its amazing blue and incredibly clear water. Is the deepest lake in the U.S. (594 meters). The power of the reservoir is derived solely from atmospheric precipitation.
2. Crater lake Quilotoa Ecuador.
The depth of the lake is 250 metres away. The water is greenish hue due to the dissolved minerals in it. The lake is very cold, in some places along the shore there are hot keys and microlaser, which spring from cracks in the crater.
3. Crater lake Albertina rift – Africa.
The lakes include some of the deepest lakes in the world, including lake Tanganyika, with a depth of 1470 meters. All lakes were formed as a result of the appearance of rifts.
4. Crater lake Kelimutu – Flores island, Indonesia.
At the top of the Kelimutu volcano has three crater lakes of different colors. The water of lake Tiwu AtaMbupu has a blue tint Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai in green and Tiwu Ata Polo red. This place is popular among geologists because the three lakes are different colors on top of the same volcano.
5. Crater lake of mount Pinatubo – Luzon, Philippines.
The lake was formed in 1991 after the eruption of mount Pinatubo. Is the deepest lake in the Philippines (depth 800 metres).
6. Crater lake Occam’s (“Lake of five colors), mount ZAO – Honshu, Japan.
Formed in 1720, after the eruption of the ZAO volcano. Also known as the “Lake of five colors”: the water in the lake changes its shades depending on the weather. The depth of the lake is 600 metres away.
7. Crater lake, mount Katmai – Alaska, USA.
Located in the center of the volcano mount Katmai. Has dimensions of 4.5 km by 3 km was Formed in the eruption of the volcano in 1912.
8. Crater lake on Taal volcano – Luzon, Philippines.
Lake view is one of the most picturesque sights in the Philippines. Above the lake stands the rock, which is called the Point of the Volcano.
9. Deriba crater lake, Jebel Marra – Darfur, Sudan.
The crater of a dormant volcano Dariba is located at a height of 3042 meters. Its diameter is from 5 to 8 km Inside the crater a lake formed as a result of eruption about 3500 years ago.
10. Crater lake, mount Ruapehu – New Zealand.
The volcano Ruapehu is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Includes three peaks: Tahurangi, Those Heuheu and Partititons. Between the peaks there is a deep active crater, which is filled with lake between major eruptions.
11. Crater lake Yak loum – Ratanakiri, Cambodia.
The lake is located in a 4000 year old volcanic crater. It’s very deep, so the water is clean and clear. The shape of the lake Yak loum perfectly round. It is surrounded by rich tropical forests, which are inhabited by exotic birds.
12. Crater lake Kerid – Iceland.
In the lake’s water comes from the soil minerals, it is not transparent, but it impresses with its bright aquamarine color.
13. Crater lake Licancabur – Chile.
The dimensions of this lake are 70 to 90 meters. Almost always, the lake is covered with ice. It is one of the highest lakes in the world. Despite the fact that the air temperature in this area reaches -30 degrees, live in the lake planktonic animals.
14. Geothermal crater lake Viti – Askja, Iceland.
The diameter of the lake is about 150 meters, depth 7 meters. Water in the lake is intensely blue, as it contains minerals. From water comes the strong smell of sulfur.
15. Heavenly lake, mount Baekdu – China, North Korea.
The lake is located on the border between China and North Korea. It was formed as a result of strong volcanic eruption in 969. Covers an area of 9,82 sq. km Average depth of the lake – about 213 meters. From mid-October until square lake is covered with ice.