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Lake Baikal

On Earth there are places that have preserved their original beauty, the greatness and creative force of nature. Siberian lake Baikal is one of them. This is a real treasure and pride of Russia. The oldest lake in the world, which totals about 30 million years old, is located in Central Asia and borders with the Irkutsk oblast and Republic of Buryatia. Baikal often called the sea for his restless temper. A distinction is made between Small and. The small sea – this is something that is located between the Northern coast of the island Olkhon and the mainland, and everything else – the Big sea. The lake lies in the Baikal basin-bottomless stone bowl, surrounded on all sides by mountains. The depth of the cavity is determined by the height of the mountains above it, the depth and thickness of lining the bottom of the unconsolidated sediments. Layer these lacustrine sediments in some places reaches 6000 meters, and its volume is twice the volume of the lake. Knowing the thickness of this layer, it is easy to calculate that the crystalline depth of the bed of lake Baikal is not less than 9000 square metres, the deepest point of lake Baikal native of bath lies approximately 7,000 meters below sea level. Stone cradle lake – the deepest depression on earth’s land. According to geologists, “roots” trench cut all the crust and leave in the upper mantle to a depth of 50-60 kilometers. They figuratively called the Baikal basin by the window in the bowels of the Earth.The length of the lake from the North-East to South-West 620 km, its width varies from 24 to 79 km, and the bottom of Baikal below World ocean level at 1167 metres, average depth 744,4 m. the area of a water mirror among the largest lakes of the world it occupies the 7th place. Its maximum depth-1637 m. the Baikal is the deepest lake in the world! It is situated in a valley and surrounded by mountain ranges and hills. The Western part of the coast is rocky and precipitous, while the Eastern slopes. Baikal is a huge water 615,39 23 km³. approximately 19% of all world reserves of fresh lake. Baikal water is more than in all five Great lakes (Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, Ontario).

When there was a Baikal? What is his depth and who measured? Where in the lake there is a unique accepted: the golomyanka, the seal? Why is the Baikal water is clean? What is the average and maximum depth of the Baikal? How many species of animals and plants are known in Baikal at the present time. How the Nerpa came to Baikal? Do the seal in the water?

The answers to many other questions the reader will find in the book-the directory of famous baicalova, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Grigory Ivanovich Galatia, for half a century fruitfully studied the great lake Baikal.

Poems about lake Baikal. How much connected with him:

amazing people, nature, mystery and the unknown. All of this inspires creativity.

Through the power of influence of this wonderful region for man opens the ability to create.

In this section you can get acquainted with the works of poets and feel the power of this amazing region.

The red book of Irkutsk oblast is the official Handbook on the state of 408 species of fungi, plants and animals of the Irkutsk region, need protection. The book contains information about the characteristics, distribution, population status, limiting factors and measures for protection of rare species. Description each species is accompanied by a range map and photo or line drawing. The book is intended for specialists in the field of environmental protection, biologists, workers of especially protected natural territories, teachers, students, school children and a wide circle of readers.