10 most dangerous rivers and lakes in the world
I want to drop what you’re doing in this stuffy city and to go to warmer climes on the beach, closer to the water, but there is no way? Bigpicture offers a look at this collection — perhaps the desire to be lost.
1. The lake of death, Italy
On the island of Sicily, which became famous thanks to the destructive power of mount Etna and the no less frightening, though not on display the power of mafia clans, there is one very dangerous attraction. Waters of Lake of death, which is inherently not waters at all, and concentrated sulfuric acid, so destructive, that this place, according to current perceptions in Sicily rumors, used the Cosa Nostra to conceal the corpses of his unfortunate enemies. Within minutes, the deadly pond, fed by two underground sources with H2SO4, destroys any organic matter, leaving only around a lifeless space.
2. The River Rio Tinto, Spain
Red like blood, the water of the river Rio Tinto, which has its origin in the Spanish province of Huelva and flowing in Andalusia, not only unattractive in appearance. Due to the high concentrations of metals originating from copper, silver and gold mines, this lake has become famous as one of the most acidic places on Earth. Water, the pH-value of which varies in the range of 1.7 to 2.5 and almost corresponds to the acidity of gastric juice, dangerous for any living creature. The only inhabitants of the “Martian river” are scientists favorite extremophile aerobic bacteria that feed on iron.
3. Lake Black hole, Russia
The third longest river in the world after the Amazon and the Nile in length, surpasses them in another, it is not a positive quality. Due to the fact that 17 thousands of Chinese settlements along the banks of the Yangtze, have no water cleaning systems, waste all their waste is dumped into the pond without filtering. Do not add purity to the river and numerous chemical plants, steel and petrochemical complexes, as well as regular transportation of dangerous goods. According to conservative estimates, the volume of contaminated water in the main waterway of China is up to 34 billion tons and continues to grow.
5. Lake Karachay, Russia
More recently, one hour spent on the shores of lake Karachay in the Urals, was enough to meet a painful death due to exposure of 600 roentgens. All because of an explosion in the storage of fissile materials plant “lighthouse” in 1957 and became the reason of unprecedented pollution of the river Leaks and the cascade of ponds. Although each year the company receives several million rubles to eliminate the consequences of the disaster, groundwater continues to spread deadly radiation. Fortunately, according to recent studies, the situation in the area of lake Karachay gradually improving.
6. The Amazon River, South America
The danger is the deepest river in the world, considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world, lies not only in its power. Artery, every second pour in the Atlantic ocean about 220 thousand cubic meters of water and was awarded the title “River of the sea”, teeming with bloodthirsty monsters. There are voracious piranhas, ruthless black caimans, huge anacondas, giant predatory Arkaima and small, but no less terrible parasites Candiru, penetrating into the urinary system. The Amazon basin is full of impassable swamps and deadly bogs, and spills, forming high tidal waves, destructive to fields and villages.
7. The boiling lake, Dominican Republic
The Indian epic “Ramayana” says that the water of the Holy river Ganges with the power to return the dead to life and get rid of the ailments. Unfortunately, the reality is far from the myths: the main river of India included in the list of the most contaminated water bodies of the world. Flocking wastes of numerous industries and feces coming from the crowded cities. Even bathing in the Ganges, the number of enterobacteria which is 120 times higher than normal, leads to infectious diseases and annually causes the death of thousands of people. To problems that prevent the purification of the sacred lake, is added and the ritual burial of bodies in Varanasi.
9. Lake Onondaga, USA
In the nineteenth century, the Onondaga lake, located near Syracuse American, was a popular place to stay. A century later the pond is influenced by technical «progress», was on the verge of ecological disaster. In 1901 Onondaga water, saturated due to dumping of industrial waste nitrates, phosphates, mercury, and pathogenic bacteria, banned the use in food industry. In 1940 it was vetoed by bathing, and in 1970 — and fishing. After the ban on discharges of waste, the installation of treatment facilities and the adoption of the clean water act, the situation of the lake is improving gradually, but to purify the water for a long time.