o lake Michigan 58 thousand km2;
o lake Huron – 59,6 thousand km2;
o lake Victoria 68 thousand km2;
o lake superior is estimated at 82.4 thousand km2;
o sea-Caspian lake – 376 thousand km2.
The deepest lakes of the world are:
o Issyk-Kul – 668 meters;
o Niassa – 706 meters;
o the Caspian sea – lake – 1025 meters;
o Tanganyika is 1470 meters;
lake Baikal is 1620 meters.
The largest lake on the planet Earth is the Caspian sea, it is located in the internal regions of Eurasia and contains 78 thousand cubic kilometers of water – more than 40% of the total water lakes in the world, by area, the lake superior even to the Black sea. The sea, the lake is called that only because it has the most marine of the properties of large – area, large volume of water, severe storms, and specific hydrochemical conditions.
From the South to the North of the lake, the Caspian sea stretches for almost 1,200 miles, and from West to East it stretches from 200 to 450 kilometers.
Origin this is the oldest part of the salted lake bluff, which existed 5 to 7 million years ago. In the ice age into the Caspian sea from Continue reading
Because the lake is a closed basin, they are literally tanks for experimental mixes. They can happen strange chemical reactions, but also to emerge anomalous creatures that are found nowhere else on Earth.
Tonle SAP, Cambodia
The unique ecosystem of the Tonle SAP in Cambodia is hard to classify as a lake or river.
In the dry season the Tonle SAP water goes into the Mekong river, but during the monsoon the water flow is so intense that it literally makes back from the river, thereby forming the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. It especially differs in that its course is twice a year changes in the opposite direction.
Because of these unusual conditions, the region is a treasure trove in terms of biological diversity, and it was named a biosphere by UNESCO.
Crater lake, USA
After a large-scale eruption of mount Mazama in Central American state of Oregon 7 700 years ago left a huge Caldera 600 meters deep into the mountains. Despite the complete absence of supply sources, the crater of mount Mazama gradually, over thousands of years, filled with just rainfall.
Today it is the second deepest lake in North America, and its waters are the most transparent, cleanest and least polluted in the world.
Lake Baikal, Russia
A huge Continue reading
In the centre of Eurasia there is the most large and unique lake in the world, the Baikal, with bird’s-eye resembles a Crescent moon with transparent blue water. The length of the lake is 636 km and width — 80 km Into the lake more than 300 rivers and streams, and flows of lake Baikal with only one river – the Angara. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world: its maximum depth is 1637 m and average is 730 m. the Total number of Islands in Baikal – 30, the largest is Olkhon island: 71 km long and 12 km wide. Still open question about the age of the lake. Many scientists believe that the lake is over 20-30 million years. However, the exact answer nobody can articulate.
Surprise lake Baikal with its unusually clean, oxygenated water. Water in the lake contains a small amount of dissolved minerals, organic impurities, but oxygen-rich. The water is cold, even in summer the temperature does not exceed +10. Water clarity is surprising: at a depth of 40 m can be clearly seen individual stones.
To imagine the scope of the lake, is to say that the volume of water in lake Baikal is 20% of all world reserves of fresh water. In the period from January to may inclusive the surface of the lake is covered by ice. The lake freezes, usually in its entirety. The thickness of the ice in the winter can be on average Continue reading